JPSC Mains Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

The Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) conducts the Civil Service Examination to recruit eligible candidates for various administrative positions within the state. The competition is challenging, and a well-structured preparation strategy is key to success. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the JPSC Mains Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2024, enabling aspirants to prepare effectively and efficiently.

Understanding the JPSC Exam 2024

The JPSC Examination comprises three stages: Preliminary, Mains, and Interview. The Mains examination is a crucial phase, and understanding its syllabus and pattern is the first step towards effective preparation.

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JPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2024

The Mains examination consists of six papers. Each paper lasts for three hours. To qualify for the subsequent stage, i.e., the interview, candidates must score higher than the minimum qualifying marks and the cutoff scores.

Here is the JPSC exam pattern for Mains 2024:

Paper IGeneral Hindi & General English3 hours150
Paper – IILanguage and Literature3 hours150
Paper – IIISocial Sciences3 hours200
Paper – IVIndian Constitution & Polity3 hours200
Paper – VIndian Economy3 hours200
Paper – VIGeneral Sciences3 hours200
JPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2024

Detailed JPSC Mains Syllabus 2024

The JPSC Mains syllabus covers a broad array of topics. Candidates must understand the syllabus thoroughly to prioritize and strategize their preparation. Let’s delve into the syllabus for each paper.

Paper I: General Hindi and General English

This paper assesses the candidate’s proficiency in Hindi and English languages. It covers topics like:

JPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 1
General Hindiनिबंध15 marks
व्याकरण15 marks
वाक्य विन्यास15 marks
संक्षेपण15 marks
General EnglishEssay15 marks
Grammar15 marks
Comprehension10 marks
Precis10 marks

Paper-II: Language and Literature

In this paper, candidates can choose from a wide array of languages and literature:

  • Oriya Language and Literature
  • Bengali Language and Literature
  • Urdu Language and Literature
  • Sanskrit Language and Literature
  • English Language and Literature
  • Hindi Language and Literature
  • Santhali Language and Literature
  • Panchpargania Language and Literature
  • Nagpuri Language and Literature
  • Mundari Language and Literature
  • Kurux Language and Literature
  • Kurmali Language and Literature
  • Khortha Language and Literature
  • Khadia Language and Literature
  • Ho Language and Literature

Paper III: Social Sciences, History, and Geography

This paper covers a broad range of topics in History and Geography, including the history of Jharkhand.


The syllabus covers Ancient Period, Medieval Period, Modern Period, and the History of Jharkhand.


The syllabus includes Physical Geography, Physical and Human Geography of India, Natural Resources of India, and Geography of Jharkhand.

JPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 3 (Social Science)
HistoryAncient Period
Medieval Period
Modern Period
History of Jharkhand, etc.
GeographyPhysical and Human Geography
Natural resources of India ( Utilization & Development)
Geography of Jharkhand ( Utilization of its resource)
Industrial and Urban Development, etc.

Paper IV: Indian Constitution, Polity, Public Administration, and Good Governance

This paper covers various topics related to the Indian Constitution, Polity, Public Administration, and Good Governance.

Indian Constitution and PolityPreamble
The Basis Structure and Salient Feature of the Indian Constitution
Fundamental Rights and Duties
Directive Principles of State Policies
Center-State Relations, etc.
Public Administration and Good GovernancePublic and Private Administration
Union Administration and State Administration
District Administration and Personnel Administration
Good Governance and Human Rights
Delegation & Bureaucracy, etc.

Paper V: Indian Economy, Globalization, and Sustainable Development

This paper explores various aspects of the Indian Economy, Globalization, and Sustainable Development. It also includes topics related to the economy of Jharkhand.

JPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 5
Basic features of the Indian economyNational Income
Agriculture and rural economy
Indian Trade, Balance of Payment
Public finance and Public expenditure
Indian monetary system and its structure, etc.
Sustainable Development, Indian Development Strategy, and Economic IssuesEconomic Development and Sustainable development
Development status and problems related to socially and economically marginalized sections
Poverty and Unemployment
Economic Reforms taken
Food and nutritional security
Nature and Impacts on the Indian EconomyGlobalization of the Indian Economy
Reforms made in the financial and banking industry
Agriculture sector
New economic reforms
Industrial development and economic reforms in India
The Economy of JharkhandEconomic growth and present structure of the economy of Jharkhand
Demographic features of Jharkhand
Land, Forest, and Environmental problems in Jharkhand
Poverty status, Unemployment, Food security, Malnutrition, and education
Reforms, Health indicators in Jharkhand, etc.

Paper VI: General Sciences, Environment, and Technology Development

This paper covers diverse topics in Physical Science, Life Science, Agriculture Science, Environmental Science, and Science and Technology Development.

JPSC Paper 6 Mains Syllabus
Physical ScienceBasic understanding of unit systems such as MKS, CGS, and SI
Topics on Speed, Gravity, Velocity, Mass, Weight, Force, Power, Work, and Energy
Topics related to the solar system
Sound concepts, wavelength frequency, infrasonic and ultrasonic sound, etc.
Life ScienceBiomolecule
Cell Reproduction
Medallion Inheritance
Theories on Human Evolution, etc.
Agriculture ScienceDifferent Agro Pattern of Jharkhand
Rainfed Agriculture
Soil fertility of Jharkhand
Government Schemes, etc.
Environmental ScienceThe Air and Water Act
Forest Conservation Act
Global Environmental Issue
Concepts of Ecology, Biodiversity, etc.
Science and Technology DevelopmentNational Policy of Science & Technology
National Health Policy
Computer and its Information
Biotechnology, Nuclear Energy, Satellites, etc.

JPSC Interview Process

The JPSC Interview carries a total of 100 marks. It assesses the candidate’s mental alertness, social traits, interest in current affairs, intellectual capabilities, and overall suitability for the post.

Final Thoughts

Understanding the JPSC Mains Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2024 is the first step towards a successful preparation strategy. Aspirants should focus on each paper and understand the topics thoroughly. Regular practice and revision, coupled with solving previous year’s question papers, will ensure a high score in the Mains examination. The key to success is consistent effort, smart study plan, and unwavering determination. Good luck with your preparation!

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